Fossils of the Black Creek Formation North Carolina.

Prehistoric sharks of North Carolina.

Dinosaurs of North Carolina.


 DEINOSUCHUS attacks a tyrannosaur along a river bank.

North Carolina has a lot of history. However, few are aware of how old the OLD NORTH STATE really is. If you turn back the clock 70-75 million years ago, the late cretaceous period; North Carolina was very different. During the late cretaceous, the continents were in different places after the break up of pangea more than 200 million years ago. North Carolina, currently, is about 35 degrees north latitude, but during the cretaceous it's position was about 20 degrees north latitude. This would have put the area in the tropics; making the climate warmer and wetter. In North Carolina, evidence of this by-gone era, and it's inhabitants are preserved in the BLACK CREEK FORMATION. The Black Creek Formation dates approximately to the Campanian epoch near the end of the cretaceous period. The sediment of the black creek formation are fine grainclays, gray to black in color; indicating a reducing enviroment(i.e. nearshore marine enviroment). This nearshore enviroment appears to have been just offshore from a river delta, and estuaries. Fossils from the black creek formation are a mix of Terrestrial and Marine life. The most common vertebrate fossils in the formation are shark teeth. Many bony fish are also present. Giant marine lizards swam the seas hunting anything small enough to be swallowed whole. The lakes, rivers, and estuaries were filled with crocodiles ranging in size from small, to the giant DEINOSUCHUS. Turtles were also abundant. Dinosaur fossils have been found in the black creek formation in North Carolina, but their remains are very rare. Dinosaur material found in the black creek formation occurs as isolated bones and teeth. Any dinosaur fossils that are found in the black creek formation were from animals that died in or near a river, washed out to sea, and preserved.


click here to go to Deinosuchus

ordered list of interests

  1. fossils
  2. astronomy
  3. botany
  4. ecology
  5. biology



Scapanorynchus Texanus

















Hadrosaurus A sting ray I caught. Nile crocodile grabbing its prey during the prey's annual migration.
Hadrosaurs were large duck-billed dinosaurs. They were common in the late cretaceous, and roamed in large herds. A stingray I caught. Deinosuchus probably attacked herds of dinosaurs the same way a modern nile crocodile attacks its prey in the modern world.



During the late cretaceous, the coastal plains were under water. The region was near shore off of a delta. The sea was filled waith sharks, fish, and giant marine lizards. Dinosaurs roamed the land. The rivers were home to fish, turtles, and crocodiles. Of the crocodiles, the largest in prehistoric North Carolina was Deinosuchus. Deinosuchus was larger than the predatory dinosaurs in the state, making it making it the apex predator of the rivers and lakes.

Go to NC geological Survey

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